Educação

31 Surprising Facts About Learning

31 Surprising Facts About Learning: simulations, video games, the role of play, informal learning

Fonte: 31 Surprising Facts About Learning

Anúncios
Educação, Vídeo

3 Different Types Of Online Training Videos

You will find below different types of training videos followed by the main advantages and drawbacks for each.

1. Teaser Video

The introductory, or teaser, video can usually be found in an online course catalog or on a course homepage. They last on average between 1 minute 30 seconds and 2 minutes and aim to introduce course topics, goals and the team of instructors. The video should be attention grabbing and send a positive message to learners. They should be dynamic with rich examples, and not just interviews.

2. Course Videos

There are several ways to structure a course video: film a classroom session, film in studio conditions, or use voice overs. Whatever the format, all videos should be concise and should not exceed 8 to 10 minutes. They should be straight to the point and contain only key information, including examples, to better capture the learner’s attention. After 10 minutes, you risk losing your audience’s full attention.

Filming A Classroom Session

Main Advantage: The learner feels as if they are “attending” a class.
Main Drawback: You do not fully control the classroom environment. Unforeseen issues (noise, power failure, etc.) could potentially undermine the video.

  • Back Of The Class
    This traditional method consists in simply placing a camera at the back of the room or zooming in on the speaker. The video is taken in one continuous shot, without editing. All you need to do then is simply upload the file online. This method, widely used in the early 2000s, is no longer recommended today. Its main drawbacks are length and monotony. There is no better way to lose an audience. Furthermore, classrooms are generally poorly adapted to this filming method, lacking the necessary light. Main advantages include cost-effectiveness and quick set-up.
  • Multi-Camera
    This method consists in filming the speaker with several cameras, placed at different locations throughout the room. There are at least 2 cameramen present to manage filming. The main advantage is that you can vary close and wide-angle shots when editing to create a dynamic video. Since you need staff – cameramen, video editor – the method is rather costly. However, picture and sound quality are generally top-notch. New players, such as Ubicast, have emerged. They partially automate filming and are a good alternative to the traditional multi-camera method.

Filming In Studio Conditions

Main Advantage: You fully control the filming environment.
Main Drawback: Less “realistic”.

  • Facing The Camera
    Filming the instructor in their natural environment (classroom, training center, etc.) is good practice. With this method, the educator speaks directly into the camera, alone, possibly with the help of a teleprompter. 1 cameraman is sufficient.
  • Facing The Camera, With A Green Screen
    Essentially the same as the previous method, except there is a green screen placed behind the speaker that can be used to change the background. You can, for example, add a plain background or add the colors of your company. You will need proper lighting and good image quality. When poorly executed, a green screen can spell disaster for a course, use sparingly.
  • Facing The Camera, With A Green Screen + Motion Design
    On the green screen, you can add all sorts of animation with motion design. Animation is added during post-production and is done by someone who knows how to use programs including Adobe After Effects or Cinema4D. Motion design is ideal for illustrating concepts that are hard to explain orally, but is rather expensive.
  • Facing The Green Screen And Slides
    On the green screen, you can add all sorts of animation with motion design. Animation is added during post-production and is done by someone who knows how to use programs including Adobe After Effects or Cinema4D. Motion design is ideal for illustrating concepts that are hard to explain orally, but is rather expensive.
  • Facing The Green Screen + Slides + Graphics Tablet
    Same as the above method with the addition of a graphics tablet. The speaker can highlight important points or annotate data while speaking. This is particularly helpful for scientific courses, for example, when writing out formulas.

Voice Over

Main Advantage: Relatively low cost.
Main Drawback: Uninviting, lacks a human element.

  • Animation Only
    Learners only see animated motion design illustrating the voice-over. The instructor first records their course and the motion designer will then add animation. This method can be relatively expensive, depending on the motion designer’s experience.
  • Video Of Course Slides
    Again, a cost-effective alternative. Be aware that a lack of animation and “movement” will reduce your audience’s attention.
  • Video Of Course Slides + Graphics Tablet
    The same as the above method, however, “pencil strokes” help underline important points and keep the audience interested.
  • Video Of Course + Graphics Tablet
    This method is more interactive than the previous one, but requires the instructor to be extremely engaged as they need to not only discuss course material but also illustrate it with data and diagrams. This method is not adapted to all subjects, but can be particularly useful for scientific topics.
  • Screencast
    Widely used for software tutorials and highly suited for them. However, instructors with few resources can use this method to present a course supported by slides and use their mouse to point out important topics. All that is needed is software that allows you to take screenshots; hundred of them are available, in both free and paid version.

3. Webinars

A webinar is the only video done live and generally lasts between 30 minutes and 1 hour. Again, several formats can be used to meet different business needs:

Live Webcam

Simply use your computer’s webcam. The main advantage is that it costs practically nothing. However, video quality can often leave something to be desired.

Live, Multi-Camera

As described above, but with multiple camera. This set-up requires a live editing table and at least one cameraman. Again, you will need a high-quality Internet connection. Sound and image quality are excellent. The only drawback is that it is expensive.

Live Voice Over And Slides

As described above, but with multiple camera. With this set-up, there is no video, just your voice commenting slides. You can also use a graphics tablet, if needed. This format is not necessarily recommended because it is not very interactive and the main advantage of a webinar is to be able to see who is speaking.

Fonte: 3 Different Types Of Online Training Videos – eLearning Industry

Aprendizagem - novas tendências, Educação, Futuro da educação

10 Ways Higher Education Could Be Transformed to Support the Needs of a Changing World 

Is there a future for higher education? There is probably no other industry or social institution quite as invested in the future than education, yet its struggles with self-reinvention manifest as a ticking time bomb, putting the future of both the institutions and wider society at risk. Almost every commentary on a number of social ills has a subtext that highlights the uncertainties around the future of education. Poor civic engagement? Blame education. Job preparation? Fix education. STEM skills? Reinvent education.

In this context, a constructive futurist approach would be to ask what aspects of higher education today are worth preserving, which ones could or should be relegated to history, and which have the most potential to create desirable futures?

The world is changing fast and requiring solutions to ever-more complex problems. Society is looking to education to provide the foundations from which individuals can address these global challenges. As a thought exercise in identifying the various pressure points in the future of education, here are 10 ways higher education could be transformed to support the needs of a changing world.

1. Blended Learning

Students should be able to draw on inputs from multiple organizations, combining online courses, live participation, in work, and in-community activities to create customized qualifications

2. Community Learning Centers

Higher education institutions could become genuine 24/7/365 community centres where adults can come to socialise with peers, take part in any lecture, deliver their own lectures, and participate in the research of the university. At night, classroom facilities could be used to educate those working elsewhere during the day, and even provide facilities from which they can launch and run new businesses.

3. Dropout University

Higher education should encourage dropouts, to allow students to learn what they want to learn, when they want to learn it. There should be no expectations for students to commit to a certain amount of time in the institution or take a certain sequential set of courses. Higher education should also set aside its largely exclusive association with the young adult age group and embrace all ages and life stages as pools of potential students.

4. Self-Grading and Peer Grading

The use of technology to allow for students to conduct highly transparent and constructive forms of self-grading and peer grading could bring about more meaningful learning experiences. Rather than depend on instructors’ subjective evaluations, more courses should require students to assess their own growth and learning, and that of their peers. Technologies such as artificial intelligence, the internet of things, and blockchain could provide the records and support a student would need to evaluate their own work objectively and give them the ability to provide anonymous input on the work of their peers. In this scenario, instructors are facilitators and mentors, and the classroom is less hierarchical than the past and today.

5. Uber for Tutoring

Online platforms could provide a complementary service to match learners with local tutors certified by the institution. Seniors in retirement communities, aspiring actresses, and international students could all become tutors on history, theatre, and foreign languages, for example. The reciprocal rating system would guarantee a mutually beneficial experience, and ultimately a high-quality performance on both parts. In those cases where local tutors are not available, online options could also be provided, but the student would ideally attend a special location where he or she would have a fully immersive experience to connect with the online tutor.

6. From Credits to Blockchain Badges

Following the Scout method of badges or patches to signify achievements, each person would have an un-hackable blockchain identity to keep record of the lessons learned in and outside of school. Other members of society would serve as witnesses or seconders of the accomplishments, and their blockchain identities would share that specific interaction. The decentralization of education is coming with a peer-to-peer, lifelong, and lifewide learning.

7. Pay-It-Forward System to Fund your Degree

A flexible payment system for courses. Students would not need money to pay for tuition. They can pay the fees of enrollment by contributing with their expertise on a subject they master. Students will be able to develop new courses or enhance existing ones in exchange for their own enrollment fees. This approach motivates lifelong learners to share their knowledge and skills with other students, but also ensures up-to-date content in each subject.

8. Biometrics for Personalized Learning

Online courses might incorporate biometric observation, such as eye-tracking software that measures pupil dilatation, which identifies the level of motivation and understanding that a student has on a specific topic. This technology would allow courses to automatically adapt towards students’ needs and ensure deep understanding of each subject.

9. Virtual Reality (VR), Augmented Reality (AR) and Holographic Technology to Create Contexts to Practice Skills

Classroom facilities equipped with technology that allows students to practice specific skills such as team work, creative thinking, problem solving, and other work skills of the future. Students would be exposed virtually to different situations typically encountered in the work place, and would learn how to respond accurately in each situation. This learning experience could provide students the opportunity to train themselves and actively learn essential employability skills.

10. A Strong Connection Between the School System, University Programs, and Employers

There could be a close connection between each of the learning stages and the industries and sectors which will ultimately employ the majority of students. They could work collaboratively to understand the student needs and employer expectations. This collaboration process is likely to require constantly adapting curricula to meet with changing industry demands. Technology and connectivity could help facilitate this process.

Fonte: 10 Ways Higher Education Could Be Transformed to Support the Needs of a Changing World – Innovation Excellence

Cidadania Digital, Educação

Digital education policies in Europe and beyond

This report offers policymakers in digital education evidence on how, at the national or regional level, policies can be designed and implemented to foster digital-age learning.

The discussion of the cases identified and studied in depth leads to the formulation of eight core guiding principles:

  1. Follow a holistic approach targeting systemic change;
  2. Establish both a long-term vision and short-term achievable goals;
  3. Deploy technology as a means not an end;
  4. Embrace experimentation, risk-taking and failure;
  5. Consider the importance and the limits of impact assessment;
  6. Involve all stakeholders in a structured dialogue;
  7. Let schools and teachers have a say;
  8. Build up teaching competence
  • Published by: European Commission
  • Year: 2018
  • Languages available: English
  • Link: Click here

 

Fonte: Digital education policies in Europe and beyond

Educação

Students are being prepared for jobs that no longer exist. Here’s how that could change.

As automation disrupts the labor market and good middle-class jobs disappear, schools are struggling to equip students with future-proof skills.

The jobs that once kept the city prosperous are being replaced byskilled jobs in service sectors such as health care, finance and information technology — positions that require more education than just a high-school diploma, thus squeezing out many of those blue-collar, traditionally middle-class workers.

As emerging technologies rapidly and thoroughly transform the workplace, some experts predict that by 2030 400 million to 800 million people worldwide could be displaced and need to find new jobs. The ability to adapt and quickly acquire new skills will become a necessity for survival.

More: Students are being prepared for jobs that no longer exist. Here’s how that could change.